US Encouraged by 1967 Vietnam Vote:
Officials Cite 83% Turnout Despite Vietcong Terror
Peter Grose – NY Times, Sept. 3, 1967

United States officials were surprised and heartened today at the size of turnout in South Vietnam's
presidential election despite a Vietcong terrorist campaign to disrupt the voting. According to reports
from Saigon, 83 per cent of the 5.85 million registered voters cast their ballots yesterday. Many of them
risked reprisals threatened by the Vietcong.

The size of the popular vote and the inability of the Vietcong to destroy the election machinery were
the two salient facts in a preliminary assessment of the nation election based on the incomplete
returns reaching here.

Pending more detailed reports, neither the State Department nor the White House would comment
on the balloting or the victory of the military candidates, Lieut. Gen. Nguyen Van Thieu, who was
running for president, and Premier Nguyen Cao Ky, the candidate for vice president.

A successful election has long been seen as the keystone in President Johnson's policy of encouraging
the growth of constitutional processes in South Vietnam. The election was the culmination of a
constitutional development that began in January, 1966, to which President Johnson gave his
personal commitment when he met Premier Ky and General Thieu, the chief of state, in
Honolulu in February.

The purpose of the voting was to give legitimacy to the Saigon Government, which has been founded
only on coups and power plays since November, 1963, when President Ngo Dinh Deim was
overthrown by a military junta.

Few members of that junta are still around, most having been ousted or exiled in subsequent
shifts of power.


Significance Not Diminished

The fact that the backing of the electorate has gone to the generals who have been ruling South
Vietnam for the last two years does not, in the Administration's view, diminish the significance
of the constitutional step that has been taken.

The hope here is that the new government will be able to maneuver with a confidence and
legitimacy long lacking in South Vietnamese politics. That hope could have been dashed either by
a small turnout, indicating widespread scorn or a lack of interest in constitutional development,
or by the Vietcong's disruption of the balloting.

American officials had hoped for an 80 per cent turnout. That was the figure in the election in
September for the Constituent Assembly. Seventy-eight per cent of the registered voters went to
the polls in elections for local officials last spring.

Before the results of the presidential election started to come in, the American officials warned
that the turnout might be less than 80 per cent because the polling place would be open for two
or three hours less than in the election a year ago. The turnout of 83 per cent was a welcome
surprise. The turnout in the 1964 United States Presidential election was 62 per cent.

Captured documents and interrogations indicated in the last week a serious concern among
Vietcong leaders that a major effort would be required to render the election meaningless. This
effort has not succeeded, judging from the reports from Saigon.

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